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STUDIO 2020

STUDIO 2020 COURSE INFORMATION

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AAR4540
Urbanism
15.0

Ole Møystad
Jørgen Skatland
Erik Hofsbro

Norwegian or English
AAR4851 Urban Triggers
7.5


GASTRONOMY AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN TRØNDELAG

SYMBIOSIS
One common denominator of lively and sustainable cities is that they develop through a close exchange, a symbiosis, with the region surrounding them. Together with their surroundings, these cities form an urban field of man-made environments. Any development within this field is driven by the tension between homogeneity and difference, between simplicity and complexity. 

LEVELS
The course is based upon a stratification of the region in three levels: the primary city (Trondheim), secondary cities and towns and rural areas. The difference between city and surrounding areas is constituted by density and ecological balance rather than cultural, political or social distinctions.

TRØNDELAG
The region around the Trondheim Fjord has been the foodbowl of Central Norway since the stone age. No region in Norway has an equally stable climate and correspondingly stable yield of food.

A stable access to food; as in game, fish, a reliable agricultural yield, is the precondition for the growth of  a human settlement, the development of human culture, and eventually the evolution of urbanity. For urban centres, primary as well as secondary, to start growing, two further criteria had to be met. First the yield had to provide support beyond the level of self sustaining, and secondly it had to be established a two way transport of food from the forest, field, sea, to the table, and a transport of tools, knowledge and other non-agricultural products from the urban to the rural areas.

The life of this dynamic is sustained by social sustainability, economical sustainability and ecological sustainability. The sustainabilities of this supply of values and resources forms a complex web of value chains. In this course we will explore the role of these value chains in urban development – in Trøndelag and from the point of view of the production, supply, trade and cultivation of food.

THE HUB
The Trondheim fjord furthermore forms a hub with secure ports, a direct access to the coast of the north and south, as well as the ocean to the west. On land the valleys eastwards to Sweden and southwards through the inland regions all the way down to Oslo and the Oslo Fjord.

REGIONAL CENTRE
The combination of safe ports and reliable supply of food from both sea and land on one hand, and the strategic network of sea and land routes from north, east, west and south made Trøndelag a natural centre as the new kingdom of Norway was formed during the late 700s. The centre of the region became, and still is, the city of Trondheim.

THE COURSE
will explore the exchange between Trondheim as regional capital and the field of secondary towns and surrounding areas with agriculture, fisheries and industry. The framing of the study will be production, processing, transportation, trade and consuming of food, with a main emphasis on the role of agriculture and gastronomy as drivers of the urban development between centre and periphery in Middle Norway.

The course will adopt methods and tools developed by the Urban Trigger Group (see the Urban Trigger Group Anthology). The first half of the semester will provide lectures and exercises in UTG methods, based on project examples. These inputs are part of the 15 ects composing the studio course. In addition there will be a 7,5 ects lecture course, AAR4851 Urban Trigger Knowledge. The course is based upon a stratification of the region in three levels: the primary city (Trondheim), secondary cities (such as Levanger) and towns and rural areas. The difference between city and surrounding areas is constituted by density and ecological balance rather than cultural, political or social distinctions.

The semester will be structured in 6 work packages (WP). WP1 and WP2 are based on digital tools. WP1 is an exercise in harvesting relevant information from internet. WP2 is an intensive course and exercise in using digital tools to visualize, analyse, and communicate the information from WP1.

The course as a whole is structured as teaching-based R&D. The first half consists of data collection, mapping and analysis directed towards identifying interesting problems. This part is completed by designing and presenting a project proposal for the mid-term crit. The second part of the course, WP6, consists of working out the project proposal and present a strategy for actual project-based urban development.